Source are several like Joe Baugher, 366th TFW base data, Ejection History, 8th TFW base data, etc, etc. 09. The F4H-1 Phantom II was originally designed for the U.S. Navy, and when it first emerged from McDonnell’s St. Louis factory—a big, heavy two-seater with its wingtips bent upward and its elevators splayed downward—it seemed to fly in the face of every lesson learned about fighters. The Phantom Vietnam War: An F-4 Pilot's Combat over Laos - Ebook written by David R. Honodel. As the new aircraft was intended as an interceptor rather than a fighter, early models possessed nine external hardpoints for missiles and bombs, but no gun. Book 11 of 16: North Texas Military Biography and Memoir Series. Adopted by the USAF in 1963, their initial variant was dubbed the F-4C. Early Phantoms deployed to Vietnam were armed only with missiles. They went up again the Soviet Union's best. The earliest versions of the Phantom came without internal cannons, which was common among the interceptors of … The multipurpose fighter saw extensive combat duty during the Vietnam War, including serving as Major Gary L. Retterbush, the pilot of Finch 3, an F-4E Phantom II. AL CISNEROS is embraces by crew members after making his last flight for the airline, a short hop from San Antonio to Houston, on Tuesday, Jan. 31, 2006. Terence M. Murphy and his radar intercept officer, Ensign Ronald Fegan, downed a Chinese MiG-17. Rick Keyt has practiced law in Arizona since 1980. Aug 16, 2020 - Explore James Lee's board "F-4 Phantom", followed by 150 people on Pinterest. The five aviators (2 US Navy, 3 USAF) credited with ace status during the Vietnam War all flew the F-4. The results of these alterations gave the XF4H-1 a distinctive look. While many have since retired the F-4, the aircraft has been modernized and is still use (as of 2008) by Japan, Germany, Turkey, Greece, Egypt, Iran, and South Korea. When these supersonic fighters met in combat, the skills of the individual pilots and sometimes sheer luck were often the deciding factors, and more than 40 years after the end of U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War debate continues as to the accuracy of kill ratios and claims made by both the sides. Altering the design to make the new aircraft an all-weather fighter-bomber featuring 11 external hardpoints, McDonnell received a letter of intent for two prototypes, designated YAH-1, on October 18, 1954. An F-4 Phantom loaded with fuel tanks and four Sparrow missiles patrols the skies above Vietnam. FREE Shipping. An evolution of the F-8 Crusader, the Vought entry was defeated by the XF4H-1 as the US Navy preferred the latter's performance and that the workload was split between two crew members. Utilizing titanium in the airframe, the XF4H-1's all-weather capability was derived from the inclusion of the AN/APQ-50 radar. Only 1 left in stock - order soon. As the US Navy transitioned to the aircraft in the early 1960s, Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara pushed to create a single fighter for all branches of the military. Read this book using Google Play Books app on your PC, android, iOS devices. The fighting over Vietnam soon showed that engagements quickly became subsonic, turning battles that often precluded the use of air-to-air missiles. It is distinguished as the last fighter to achieve ace status in the 20th century. And indeed at first the Crusader had better results against Migs than the Phantom. Following Vietnam, the F-4 remained the principal aircraft for both the US Navy and USAF. US Navy F-4s flew their first combat sortie as part of Operation Pierce Arrow on August 5, 1964. Here is the McDonnell Douglas F-4C/D/E/G Phantom II Southeast Asia Color Profile and Paint Guide. Evaluating the aircraft, the USAF developed requirements for its own version with an emphasis on the fighter-bomber role. In the years that followed the Vietnam War, the Phantom was upgraded several times. Here is what happened. Another problem that frequently arose with the aircraft was the production of black smoke when the engines were run at military power. Many pilots found ways to avoid producing the smoke by running one engine on afterburner and the other at reduced power. Like the F-4, the MiG-23 was widely exported — and not just to Warsaw Pact militaries. In Vietnam, the ratio was closer to two to one (including other aircraft types besides the Phantom). If the aircraft only appears in a game but you can't fly it, the game should not be included in this group. The second-most produced Western jet fighter in history with 5,195 units, the F-4 was extensively exported. In exchange, USAF F-4s downed 107.5 enemy aircraft. Its combat service included engagements from the Vietnam era through Operation Desert Storm and beyond. Hobby Master 1/72 Air Power Series HA19020 McDonnell Douglas F-4EJ Phantom 17-8301, JASDF "first Japan Phantom" Starting in 1973 the Japan Air Self-Defense Force received 154 F-4EJ Phantoms that were based on the USAF F-4E. During Vietnam, USAF F-4s fulfilled both air superiority and ground support roles. $27.98 $ 27. Later that year, the XF4H-1 entered into competition with the single-seat Vought XF8U-3. In the 1970s, F-4Es began to be modified to the F-4G standard in order to make them suitable for the Air Force’s Wild Weasel mission. Setting several aviation records just prior to and in the years after introduction, the F-4 became operational on December 30, 1960, with VF-121. The plane may have been ugly, but it broke many records and is still in service in some countries today. Aircraft: F-4 Phantom II Group Description Games featuring the McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II in a prominent role.-- from Air Conflicts: Vietnam - Ultimate Edition (2014) Limitations. The US Navy was intrigued by this concept and requested a full-scale mock-up of the design. In laying out the XF4H-1, McDonnell placed the engines low in the fuselage similar to its earlier F-101 Voodoo and employed variable geometry ramps in the intakes to regulate airflow at supersonic speeds. After additional testing, the F-4 entered production and commenced carrier suitability trials in early 1960. Vietnam Veteran Patch USMC F-4 Phantom Commemorative Patch Sticker. Through the 1970s, the US Navy began replacing the F-4 with the new F-14 Tomcat. The designer of the Demon, McDonnell began revising the aircraft in 1953, with the goal of improving performance and capabilities. This article by Michael Haskew originally appeared on Warfare History Network. The heavy F-4 was known for jet engines that produced a great deal of smoke, adding to the ease of identification at a distance due to its large size. By 1986, all F-4s had been retired from frontline units. Each was capable of carrying a bomb load as well. The Phantom Retires, but the MiG Still Soars the Skies. The McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II is a two-seat, twin-engined supersonic long-range all-weather fighter-bomber originally developed for the U.S. Navy by McDonnell Aircraft. This first appeared earlier in October 2019. Vietnam. Nations that have flown the aircraft include Israel, Great Britain, Australia, and Spain. USAF F-4 Phantom Vietnam losses This list correct some mistakes in names, squadrons-units, registrations and dates. See more ideas about phantom, fighter jets, military aircraft. Developed during the 1950s, it entered service in 1960, and nearly 5,200 were produced during a 30-year run from 1958 to 1981. by Peter Davies, Osprey Publishing, 2013. The U.S. military retired the Phantom from combat use in 1996. The Phantom was 63 feet long with a wingspan of more than 38 feet. The F-105 held his own against the Migs but all things considered remained a bomber. Both aircraft were capable of speeds of at least Mach 2. These were the McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom and the Mikoyan Gurevich MiG-21. As F-105 Thunderchief losses grew, the F-4 carried more and more of the ground support burden and by the end of the war was the USAF's primary all-around aircraft. With the US entry in the Vietnam War, the F-4 became one of the most identifiable aircraft of the conflict. As the F-4 was initially intended as an interceptor, it was not equipped with a gun as planners believed that air-to-air combat at supersonic speeds would be fought exclusively with missiles. These two latter types, the F-4G Wild Weasel V and RF-4C, deployed to the Middle East in 1990, as part of Operation Desert Shield/Storm. Col. Robin Olds painting a victory star on the McDonnell F-4 "Phantom II" he was flying on May 4, 1967, when he shot down a MiG-21. Later models were equipped with an internal 20mm M61 Vulcan internal rotary cannon. (U.S. Air Force photo) USN_VF-142_NK Following extensive wind tunnel testing, the outer sections of the wings were given 12° dihedral (upward angle) and the tailplane 23° anhedral (downward angle). of weapons on nine external hardpoints, including air-to-air missiles, air-to-ground missiles, and most types of bombs. Airmen load 20mm cannon rounds into an F-4C Phantom II gun pod at a base in South Vietnam in May 1967. In 1967, USAF pilots began mounting external gun pods on their aircraft, however, the lack of a leading gunsight in the cockpit made them highly inaccurate. But the Phantom’s record in air-to-air combat over Vietnam — especially when compared to its successor, the F-15 Eagle, which has never been shot down … Introduced in late 1960 with the U.S. Navy, the McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II has been an incredibly versatile and effective aircraft for numerous national militaries around the world. The Phantom held the edge with multiple missiles, often up to eight, while the MiG-21 carried only two. The Phantom was produced in multiple variants and became a primary component of the air superiority, fighter bomber, reconnaissance, and radar jamming air complements of the U.S. Navy, Marine Corps, and Air Force. The MiG-21 was typically armed with air-to-air missiles such as the AA-2 Atoll and a 23mm internal cannon. Vietnam History Vietnam War Photos Fighter Pilot Fighter Jets Phantom Pilots Robin Olds F4 Phantom North Vietnam Air Vietnam Spies Helped the USAF Shoot Down a Third of North Vietnam’s MiG-21s On Jan. 2, 1967, around 30 U.S. Air Force F-4 Phantom fighter jets flying from Ubon in Thailand shot down a full third of North Vietnam’s MiG-21s—for a loss of just one of their own. Dubbed the Phantom II, the US Navy ordered two XF4H-1 test aircraft and five YF4H-1 pre-production fighters in July 1955. During operations, the F-4G played a key role in suppressing Iraqi air defenses, while the RF-4C collected valuable intelligence. Also flown by the US Marine Corps, the F-4 saw service from both carriers and land bases during the conflict. AeroMaster 48-333 - Air War Over Vietnam, Part IV Korat Phantoms 2 Price Canadian Dollars: $49.95 . USAF McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II. One of each type was lost during the conflict, one to damage from ground fire and the other to an accident. Assessing the design, it ultimately passed as it was satisfied with the supersonic fighters already in development such as the Grumman F-11 Tiger and Vought F-8 Crusader. FREE Shipping. Flying primarily in the fighter/interceptor role, US Navy F-4s downed 40 enemy aircraft to a loss of five of their own. Though the latest adopter of the F-4, the USAF became its largest user. © Copyright 2020 Center for the National Interest All Rights Reserved. The F-4’s primary problem was that it had no built-in cannon. All orders are custom made and most ship worldwide within 24 hours. The Phantom remained in production from 1958 to 1981, with a total of 5,195 built, and was used by the U.S. military from 1960 to 1996, serving with the U.S. Air Force, Marine Corps, and the US Navy. Several of this jets were destroyed in Viet Cong mortar and rocket attacks at Da Nang AB, Bin Hoa AB or Tan Son Nhut. Following an F-4B's victory over the F-106 Delta Dart in Operation Highspeed, the US Air Force requested two of the aircraft, dubbing them the F-110A Spectre. The MiG-21 entered service in 1959, and more than 11,000 in various configurations were completed when production ended in 1985. Photo: Wikimedia. These were the McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom and the Mikoyan Gurevich MiG-21. Powered by two J79-GE-8 engines, the new aircraft saw the addition of a second crewman to serve as a radar operator. When NASA engineers were launching rockets at Floridas Cape Canaveral in the 1960s, they needed pilots to fly close enough to film the missiles as they accelerated through Mach 1 at 35,000 feet. An iconic U.S. fighter of the Vietnam War era, the McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom … 138 of these aircraft were manufactured under license by Mitsubishi who produced the last F-4 Phantom II several changes were made to the F-4E to make it an F-4EJ. He flew the F-4 Phantom for five years in the United States Air Force, including combat missions over South Vietnam, North Vietnam and Laos in 1972. During the protracted air war in the skies over Vietnam, two fighter interceptor and air superiority planes emerged as the most prominent aircraft of their type. The Phantom Vietnam War: An F-4 Pilot's Combat over Laos (Volume 12) (North Texas Military Biography and Memoir Series) Hardcover – October 1, 2018 by David R. "Buff" Honodel (Author) 4.6 out of 5 stars 19 ratings. Not enough wing or thrust, recalls Jack Petry, a retired U.S. Air Force colonel. The final USAF F-4 was retired in 1996, however several are still in use as target drones. The agile MiG-21 was deadly in a turn, and its silhouette was difficult to acquire visually at any great distance. F-4 phantom colors SEA Posted by urich on Sunday, August 5, 2012 10:11 AM I may have asked this question before if so sorry I"m getting old and I'm having to write things down any more to remember The F-4 saw extensive action during the Vietnam War. The McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II is a tandem two-seat, twin-engine, all-weather, long-range supersonic jet interceptor and fighter-bomber originally developed for the United States Navy by McDonnell Aircraft. The Phantom has been operated by the air forces of at least a dozen nations, and many remain in service. This provided an equivalent amount of thrust, without the telltale smoke trail. An additional 66 were lost to missiles and ground fire. On May 27, 1958, the type made its maiden flight with Robert C. Little at the controls. by SEBASTIEN ROBLIN The McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II is a legendary aircraft — an icon of the Vietnam War and the archetype of the third-generation jet fighter designs that entered service in the 1960s. The big, burly Phantom weighed nearly 19 tons, while the MiG-21 weighed slightly less than 10 tons. It is equipped with heat seeking missiles and napalm bombs. Instead, it relied entirely on newly-introduced air-to-air missiles — the radar-guided AIM-7 Sparrow, the heat-seeking AIM-9 Sidewinder and the older AIM-4 Falcon. $26.09 $ 26. Lacking a cannon, these fighters were often at a disadvantage in dogfights with the MiG-21 and other Soviet- and Chinese-manufactured fighter aircraft. This issue was addressed with the addition of an integrated 20 mm M61 Vulcan gun to the F-4E model in the late 1960s. For more about Rick's bio including his F-4 bio see his resume on his law website. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, Vietnam War: North American F-100 Super Sabre, M.S., Information and Library Science, Drexel University, B.A., History and Political Science, Pennsylvania State University, Up to 18,650 lbs. Cybermodeler Online. The MiG-21, identified as the Fishbed in NATO nomenclature, was a continuation of the MiG fighter series that originated in the late 1940s. Key point: Just like Korea, this war was a way to each global bloc to test each others technologies. Petry was one of the chosen. A Vietnam War era F-4 Phantom with a “show” quality paint restoration, on its way back to Holloman AFB after being painted at the Air National Guard military aircraft paint facility at Sioux City, Iowa. During the protracted air war in the skies over Vietnam, two fighter interceptor and air superiority planes emerged as the most prominent aircraft … During this time, the F-4 was retained in its Wild Weasel and reconnaissance role. He has appeared on The History Channel as a featured expert. This smoke trail made the aircraft easy to spot. It first entered service in 1961 with the Navy. The aircraft remained in service with the USMC until 1992 when the last airframe was replaced by the F/A-18 Hornet. With the US entry in the Vietnam War, the F-4 became one of the most identifiable aircraft of the conflict. US Navy F-4s flew their first combat sortie as part of Operation Pierce Arrow on August 5, 1964. Early in production, the aircraft's radar was upgraded to the more powerful Westinghouse AN/APQ-72. The Phantom was often armed with the AIM-7 Sparrow or AIM-9 Sidewinder air-to-air missiles. First, they tried an F-104. A typical configuration for an F-4 in 1967 consisted of four AIM-7E and four AIM-9B air-to-air missiles, and eight 750-pound Mk 117 bombs. More than 5,000 of these heavy supersonic fighters were built, and hundreds continue to serve and even see combat in several air forces today. The F-4 Phantom is the main fighter aircraft of the United States and South Vietnam and it's counterpart is the North Vietnamese MiG-21. The F-4's first air-to-air victory occurred the following April when Lieutenant (j.g.) Kennedy Hickman is a historian, museum director, and curator who specializes in military and naval history. F-4Cs and F-4Ds did not have an internal gun, while some were equipped with an external gun pod. During the Vietnam War, the USAF lost a total of 528 F-4s (of all types) to enemy action with the majority being down by anti-aircraft fire or surface-to-air missiles. To support this change in mission, specially equipped and trained F-4 Wild Weasel squadrons were formed with the first deploying in late 1972. This issue was addressed with the Block 53 group of the F-4E which included smokeless J79-GE-17C (or -17E) engines. Microscale 48-0270 - CVW-11 F-4 VF-213 & A-6 VA-196 Price Mandatory Credi Jan 31, 2006; Houston, TX, USA; Southwest Airlines Capt. the Navy kept using the F-8 because its Essex class carriers couldn't take the F-4. F-102 and F-104 did not fare well over North Vietnam. When these supersonic fighters met in combat, the skills of the individual pilots and sometimes sheer luck were often the deciding factors, and more than 40 years after the end of U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War debate continues as to the accuracy of kill ratios and claims made by both the sides. Inspired designs on t-shirts, posters, stickers, home decor, and more by independent artists and designers from around the world. Setting to work, McDonnell developed the XF4H-1 design. A Vietnam War veteran, Cisneros piloted F-4 Phantom jets off of the USS Saratoga on combat missions before joining the Blue Angels flight demonstration team.